Does it appear to your child that he doesn’t have enough time in hand to complete his tasks, that he is always running late -then probably you should be looking into the way your child manages his time.
What is time management?

Time management is the ability to prioritise essential things and delegate lesser important things. Time management means effective use of available time. Time management is the art of handling and managing conflicting demands on your time with efficiency.

Why is time management important?
Time management is very important for students.
• Studies show that students who are able to manage their time well , are able to do well in their exams
• Their overall performance levels in all spheres rise as they feel more relaxed and stress free.
• Time management can be considered same as Self management.

Important steps for time management:

1. Tell your child to look into his daily routine:
• Ask your child to look into his daily routine and schedule from the time he gets up in the morning to the time he goes to bed.
• Tell him to write each and every activity of his including taking bath, sleeping, relaxing etc along with the time spent on each activity.
• Let him continue this observation activity for one week.
Purpose: This activity will give him insight into his daily routine and answer for himself where and how he spends his time. This introspection may help your child realise how much time he is wasting on daily basis and also find slots of time in his daily routine which can be put to better use .

2. Organisation and Prioritisation:
There are two verticals to organisation and prioritisation of activities:
1. According to importance of activities
2. According to time frame
According to Importance of activities:
Let your child answer as to what all things are important in his life:
Example list:
• Is social life important to him(spending time with friends, relatives etc)
• Is his academic life important to him(spending time on studies)
• Is time spent on extracurricular activities important to him
• Is the time spent on his hobbies important to him
• Is the time spent on television important to him
• Is time spent on internet, mobiles important to him

After going through all the activities that hold importance for him let him prioritise the list according to importance of each activity
Must do activities :Which are of utmost importance and without which he cannot do
Ok activities: Which are not so important and without which he can manage
No-No Activities: Wasteful activities that are consuming his time and without which he can easily manage .Such activities need to be delegated .
Purpose : Helps your child to delegate lesser important tasks and concentrate on more important tasks and activities.

According to time frame:
• Let your child divide all the tasks, assignments and targets into short term, medium term and long term according to time frame. For example he can place all the assignments such as project submission , practical exams etc due the coming week into short term goals.
• Time frame that needs to be considered short term, medium term and long term can be set according to individual preferences.
• Integrating and merging of short term goals into medium and then longer term goals is very important while making time tables and plans. Child should be able to map out and find how short goals will be leading to longer term goals and how do they fit into the plan of action for achieving longer term goals.
Purpose: This activity helps your child to prioritise tasks and activities according to time frame. Child can number the activities according to time frame into the activities that require to be done immediately, that for which he has little more time in hand and that for which there is much more time.

Tools that can be used for time management:
• To-Do list can help the child to manage his time. Best time to prepare a To-do list is before going to bed in the night. This helps him remember tasks scheduled for next day more vividly as they enter his subconscious mind while sleeping.
• Making use of calendars can help
• Setting reminders can also help

Things to be careful with:
1. If your child does not approach time management with a proper and right attitude it will lead to increased stress levels.
2. There may be many distractions outside that can keep children from managing their time. Child should be encouraged to say “NO” to things, people etc that prove distractions for him.

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